“Burkina Faso has lost a filmmaker of immense talent,” President Roch Marc Christian Kabore said in a statement.
Ouedraogo “worked hard to raise the profile of Burkinabe and African cinema outside our borders,” he added.
Ouedraogo began his career as a cinematographer on the 1981 movie Poko which won the best short film award at FESPACO, Africa’s biggest film festival.
After completing his film studies at the prestigious Sorbonne in Paris, he created his first feature-length film Yam daabo (The Choice) about poverty-stricken villagers in the Sahel who must choose to stay and await international aid or leave for a more fertile region.
As well as winning at Cannes, Tilai went on to win the Golden Stallion of Yennenga, the top prize at FESPACO, in 1991.
He headed the FESPACO jury in 2003.
Ouedraogo also worked in theatre, including at the prestigious Comedie-Francaise in Paris.